What is an illegal hit called in volleyball?
An illegal hit is: 1) slapping the ball, 2) bumping the ball with two separated hands (hands must be together), 3) carrying the ball, 4) palming the ball, 5) directing the ball. *NOTE: in order to not be a illegal hit, the ball must leave players hand immediately upon contact of the ball.
A team may touch the ball no more than three times. The same player can't touch the ball twice in a row. Once somebody on the other team touches the ball, you get three more tries to put it over the net and in. A ball is "in" if any part of the ball touches any part of the line, or if the ball is fully on the court.
Bump, set, spike – three hits on each side of the court – is the common rhythm of volleyball but it is not a rule. There's no rule in volleyball that requires a team to hit the ball three times before sending the ball back over the net to the other team.
After a team gains possession of the ball during a rally, they are allowed to hit the ball a maximum of three times before passing it over the net to the opposing team, who is also only allowed to hit the ball three times. If the team hits the ball more than three times, the referee will issue a four hits violation.
The most common illegal set is a double touch. This occurs when one hand touches the ball before the other, causing the ball to spin. Another type of illegal set is a carry or lift, which is when the setter makes contact with the ball for too long during their pass.
A back-row player attempting to play a ball above the net is considered an illegal back-row blocker if the ball is attacked or blocked by an opponent into the back-row player while that player is reaching above the height of the net.
A block or touch of the ball at the net does NOT count as one of a team's three hits. The first hit of the ball after a block may be executed by any player, including the player who made the block, and is considered the first of the three hits.
Although you can hit the ball with a closed fist, for overhand serving, the best way to serve is with an open hand. The server should start by holding the ball at shoulder level. When ready, the server tosses the ball into the air between one to two feet above their head and then punches the ball with their palm.
There are a maximum of three (3) hits per play, in addition to blocking. Four or more hits are a fault. A player may not touch the ball two (2) times consecutively with any part of the body. If two (2) players touch the ball simultaneously, it will be counted as two (2) touches.
The 3 types of hits are: bump, volley and spike, or more modernly called pass, set and kill (or hit).
What are the legal and illegal attacks of a setter?
It's important to know what plays by the setter are deemed illegal by the referee. A setter can be called on the following by the referee: A double: If the ball spins over a certain number of rotations during its trajectory. An "over" call: If the setter makes contact with the ball if it's broken the plane of the net.